Domestic Violence And Orders Of Protection


Domestic violence may be present in divorce proceedings and cannot be ignored. This section contains basic information and other resources that can help you understand the legal issues involved and your rights if you are a victim of domestic violence and are seeking a divorce in New York state.

In New York state law, domestic violence is defined as a pattern of abusive behavior by a person against an “adult intimate partner” designed to control and hold power over that partner. This abuse can be physical, emotional, sexual, psychological or economic.

What An Order Of Protection Can Do

Victims of domestic violence have the right to seek an order of protection against their abuser. Commonly known as a restraining order, an order of protection is a legal order that limits or outright prohibits the abuser's right to see, contact or communicate with the victim. Family Court judges have the power to order an abuser to do any or all of the following:

  • Stay away from the victim and their children
  • Move out of the shared home
  • Follow child custody orders
  • Pay child support
  • Not own or possess firearms

Judges in Family Court, criminal court, and Supreme Court can issue an order of protection. In Family Court, the order of protection is issued as part of a civil proceeding to put an end to violence within a family or intimate relationship. To obtain an order of protection in Family Court, the relationship between you and your abuser must be one of the following:

  • Current or former spouse
  • Someone with whom you have a child in common
  • A family member to whom you are related by blood or marriage
  • Someone with whom you have or have had an “intimate relationship,” which is not necessarily a sexual relationship. You can demonstrate intimacy based on many factors, such as whether you live together or if you have known each other for several years. Ultimately, it is up to the judge to determine if your relationship qualifies as intimate.

Domestic violence is often a factor in divorce proceedings. Spouses who need an order of protection during their divorce must go to Supreme Court to petition for one. Your divorce attorney can make the request on your behalf before a Supreme Court judge. Finally, an order of protection can be issued against a criminal defendant as a condition of their bail.

Order Violations

No matter which court issued the order of protection, violation of the order is a crime. If the order was issued in Family Court, the person protected by the order can choose to call the police or file a petition in court to report the violation.

Call 518-427-7000 To Talk To A Family Law Attorney

If domestic violence is a factor in your divorce, or if you are involved in an accusation of domestic violence, contact our office in Albany for prompt and compassionate legal representation. Please do not hesitate to call us when you need assistance.

Talk To A Family Law Attorney Today.

Call 518-427-7000